Adverb Clauses: Hot Shots
Dependent clauses can function as adverbs. In this case, they are called adverb clauses. (Bet I didn't surprise you with that one.) An adverb clause is a dependent clause that describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb. As with regular old garden-variety adverbs, an adverb clause answers these questions:
- To what extent?
- Under what condition?
- In what manner?
You Could Look It Up
An adverb clause is a dependent clause that describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
All adverb clauses start with a subordinating conjunction. You reviewed some of the most common subordinating conjunctions in the previous section; here are a few more that you can use to link ideas and show how they are related:
- As long as
- As soon as
- As though
Follow the Leader
You can place an adverb clause in the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence. Refer to these examples of adverb clauses as you fashion your own.
Quoth the Maven
Set off adverb clauses that occur at the beginning of sentences with commas.
- Wherever she goes, she leaves a piece of luggage behind.
- The adverb clause “wherever she goes” modifies the verb “leaves.”
- Bob enjoyed the movie more than I did.
- The adverb clause “than I did” modifies the adverb “more.”
- Prince wanted to change his name because too many dogs answered when he was called.
- The adverb clause “because too many dogs answered when he was called” modifies the verb “wanted.”
Shape Up Your Sentences
You sweat for rock-hard abs, firm pecs, and a tight, uh, southern hemisphere. Why not give your sentences a good workout to make them as healthy as your bod? Adverb clauses can help you eliminate sentence flab. For instance:
Two sentences: Sean Connery had worked as both a bricklayer and a truck driver. This was before he became the original James Bond.
One sentence: Before he became the original James Bond, Sean Connery had worked as both a bricklayer and a truck driver.
Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Grammar and Style © 2003 by Laurie E. Rozakis, Ph.D.. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.