Monster High Freaky Fab
 

SIKHISM

Sikhism was founded about 500 years ago in the Punjab region of India, by a man who became known as GURU Nanak. He taught that all religions share the same essential truth and that holiness is to be found within. Sikh literally means “disciple.”

WHERE IS THE CENTER OF SIKHISM?

The Harimandir, or Golden Temple, has become the symbol of the Sikh religion and their most important pilgrimage site. The fourth Guru, Ram Das, built a city and sacred lakes in Amritsar, in the Punjab, where Guru Nanak once meditated. The fifth Guru, Arjan, built the Golden Temple and collected the teachings of the Gurus into a sacred book, the Granth Sahib.

HOW DO SIKHS WORSHIP?

Guru Nanak taught that “the only temple that matters is inside oneself.” Sikhs pray at home, and also worship together, with hymns read from the sacred book. The focus of worship is on Nam, the divine name that lives within everyone. Sikh gurdwaras (temples) have a langar, or eating space, where Sikhs can share a communal meal with anyone who comes.

GURU

As with Hindu traditions, guru means “wise teacher,” or more literally, “revealer of light and darkness.” Sikhism regards its Ten Gurus as a single living spiritual flame, passed down from God, through Guru Nanak onward, and eventually reaching all Sikhs.

WHO WAS GURU GOBIND SINGH?

Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru (1666–1708), founded the Khalsa, or community of Sikhs, in 1699 to protect them against religious persecution. He called for volunteers who were prepared to die for their faith. All Sikhs wear five symbols, known as the five “Ks,” as a sign of their allegiance to the Khalsa. These include the kirpan (dagger) and kangha (comb).

WHERE IS THE SACRED BOOK KEPT?

The tenth Guru, Gobind Singh, appointed the sacred Adi Granth (“First Book”) as his successor, so that after him there would be no more human gurus. It became known as the Guru Granth Sahib and copies were kept with great care at temples and treated with the respect a human guru would be given.

FIND OUT MORE

Hinduism
Southern Asia

Copyright © 2007 Dorling Kindersley

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Gift Ideas Sure to Please
Find the best gifts for girls, and everyone else on your list! Visit our Holiday Shopping Headquarters. Brought to you by Monster High.

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

Print this free holiday wish list for kids, so they can tell you what they really want this year! Brought to you by Monster High.

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, and create reading lists for kids!