SOUTH AMERICA

The triangular continent of South America stretches from north of the equator almost down to the Antarctic Circle. It contains three very different landscapes. In the west, the Andes tower 22,833 ft (6,959 m) high, forming a backbone down the entire length of the continent, along the Pacific Ocean coast. Dense rainforests in the humid Amazon valley and along the Caribbean coast cover much of the north and northeast. In the south, windswept grasslands and dry pampas roll down to the cold, rocky point of the continent at Cape Horn.

THE ANDES

The world’s longest mountain chain, the Andes, runs 4,505 miles (7,250 km) down the western edge of South America. Its steep slopes are terraced to grow barley, potatoes, and wheat on its colder, upper slopes, and coffee, tobacco, and corn on the warmer, lower slopes.

FACTFILE: SOUTH AMERICA

Total land area: 16,886,000 sq miles (7,835,000 sq km)

Total population: 355 million

Number of countries: 12

Largest country: Brazil 3,286,469 sq miles (8,511,965 sq km)

Smallest country: Suriname 62,344 sq miles (161,470 sq km)

Largest country population: Brazil 175 million

Largest lake: Lake Titicaca, Bolivia/Peru 3,220 sq miles (8,340 sq km)

Longest river: Amazon, Brazil 4,001 miles (6,439 km)

Highest point: Cerro Aconcagua, Argentina 22,833 ft (6,959 m)

Major deserts: Atacama Desert, Chile

Largest island: Tierra del Fuego 18,140 sq miles (47,000 sq km)

Copyright © 2007 Dorling Kindersley

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Healthy Smile Checklist for Kids
Have better dental check-ups with this free printable checklist that helps keep your child flossing, brushing, and smiling! Brought to you by Philips Sonicare.

Kindergarten Readiness App
It's kindergarten registration time! Use this interactive kindergarten readiness checklist, complete with fun games and activities, to practice the essential skills your child needs for this next big step. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

8 Easter Egg Decorating Ideas
Need some fun ideas for decorating Easter eggs with the kids? Look no further for colorful and cool designs!

7 Ways to Curb Kids' Exposure to Violence
American children are exposed to violence more often than you might think. Learn how to limit your child's exposure to violence and manage the mental health and behavioral effects it can cause.