Back to School at FamilyEducation.com

CONIFEROUS PLANTS

There are about 550 species of conifer, most of which are large, evergreen trees. Their leaves are often needle-shaped and usually have a thick, waxy coating that guards against water loss and freezing. Conifers produce their seeds on the woody scales of CONES, or in fleshy cups.

SCALES

Cypresses produce scalelike leaves which are evergreen and aromatic. All conifers produce fragrant resins.

DECIDUOUS NEEDLES

Larches are unusual because they are deciduous conifers. In the autumn, they shed their needlelike leaves.

FLATTENED NEEDLES

Yews, firs, and some redwoods have small, flat leaves that grow on opposite sides of the stems.

CONES

The reproductive parts of coniferous plants are contained in cones. Most cones are woody, but some, such as those on yew trees, are soft and look like berries. The cones of pine and spruce trees usually fall to the ground in one piece, but the cones of cedars and most fir trees break up while still on the tree.

Copyright © 2007 Dorling Kindersley

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Printable Fall Fun To-Do List
Celebrate the cooler weather with this printable checklist of fun fall activities for your whole family.

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

Top 10 Care Package Items for College Students
Show your college student that you love and miss her by mailing a care package full of dorm room essentials and comforting treats. Whether it's her birthday, exam time, or just because, get care package ideas to brighten her day.

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, and create reading lists for kids!