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Native American Tribes of the Great Plains

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At one time, the Wichita occupied parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. In 1872, they ceded all their land to the United States. Culturally Wichita tribes were similar to the Pawnee, who also lived in the Great Plains. A distinctive structure to the Wichita was their grass houses, built in a cone-shape that resembled a haystack. Also unique to the Wichita people was a dance for agricultural fertility and in the late 19th century they adopted the Ghost Dance.

Featured Fact: The French called the Wichita Panis piquis, or Pawnee Picts, because they practiced tattooing.

Photo source: Library of Congress

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