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Native American Tribes of the Great Plains

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Sioux


The Sioux, who are also called the Dakota, consisted of seven tribes in three major divisions. In the mid-18th century, after successfully driving out the Cheyenne and Kiowa from the Black Hills, the Sioux lived in the northern Great Plains and the western prairies, which currently comprises Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota. The Sioux resisted white settlers, engaging in many battles during the 19th century. Under the leadership of such chiefs as Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, the Sioux fought the United States to protect their land.

Fun Fact: The Tetons had the largest population of the seven Sioux tribes with about 15,000 people in the mid-18th century--half the population of the entire Sioux people.

Photo source: Library of Congress

Next: Cheyenne

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