Ohio

Ohio flag

Capital: Columbus

State abbreviation/Postal code: Ohio/OH

Governor: John Kasich, R (to Jan. 2015)

Lieut. Governor: Mary Taylor, R (to Jan. 2015)

Senators: Sherrod Brown, D (to Jan. 2019); Rob Portman, R (to Jan. 2017)

U.S. Representatives: 16

Historical biographies of Congressional members

Secy. of State: Jon A. Husted, R (to Jan. 2015)

Treasurer: Josh Mandel, R (to Jan. 2015)

Atty. General: Mike DeWine, R (to Jan. 2015)

Entered Union (rank): March 1, 1803 (17)

Present constitution adopted: 1851

Motto: With God all things are possible

State symbols:

flowerscarlet carnation (1904)
treebuckeye (1953)
birdcardinal (1933)
insectladybug (1975)
gemstoneflint (1965)
song“Beautiful Ohio” (1969)
beveragetomato juice (1965)
fossiltrilobite (1985)
animalwhite-tailed deer (1988)
wildflowerlarge white trillium (1987)

Nickname: Buckeye State

Origin of name: From an Iroquoian word meaning “great river”

10 largest cities (2010 est.): Columbus, 787,033; Cleveland, 396,8158; Cincinnati, 296,943; Toledo, 287,208; Akron, 199,110; Dayton, 141,527; Parma, 81,601; Youngstown, 66,982; Canton, 73,007; Lorain, 64,097

Land area: 40,948 sq mi. (106,055 sq km)

Geographic center: In Delaware Co., 25 mi. NNE of Columbus

Number of counties: 88

Largest county by population and area: Cuyahoga, 1,280,122 (2010); Ashtabula, 703 sq mi.

State forests: 20 (more than 183,000 ac.)

State parks: 74 (more than 204,000 ac.)

Residents: Ohioan

2010 resident population est.: 11,536,504

2010 resident census population (rank): 11,536,504 (7). Male: 5,512,262 (48.6%); Female: 5,632,156 (48.8%). White: 9,539,437 (82.7%); Black: 1,407,681 (12.2%); American Indian: 25,292 (0.2%); Asian: 192,233 (1.7%); Other race: 130,030 (1.1%); Two or more races: 237,765 (2.1%); Hispanic/Latino: 354,674 (3.1%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 76.3; 65 and over: 14.1; median age: 38.8.

See additional census data

Area codes

Tourism office

First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1669, the Ohio region became British property after the French and Indian Wars. Ohio was acquired by the U.S. after the Revolutionary War in 1783. In 1788, the first permanent settlement was established at Marietta, capital of the Northwest Territory.

The 1790s saw severe fighting with the Indians in Ohio; a major battle was won by Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794. In the War of 1812, Commodore Oliver H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie on Sept. 10, 1813.

Ohio is one of the nation's industrial leaders, ranking third in manufacturing employment nationwide. Important manufacturing centers are located in or near Ohio's major cities. Akron is known for rubber; Canton for roller bearings; Cincinnati for jet engines and machine tools; Cleveland for auto assembly, auto parts, and steel; Dayton for office machines, refrigeration, and heating and auto equipment; Youngstown and Steubenville for steel; and Toledo for glass and auto parts.

The state's fertile soil produces soybeans, corn, oats, greenhouse and nursery products, wheat, hay, and fruit, including apples, peaches, strawberries, and grapes. More than half of Ohio's farm receipts come from dairy farming and sheep and hog raising. Ohio ranks fourth among the states in lime production and also ranks high in sand and gravel and crushed stone production.

Tourism is a valuable revenue producer, bringing in $36 billion in 2009. Attractions include the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Indian burial grounds at Mound City Group National Monument, Perry's Victory International Peace Memorial, the Pro Football Hall of Fame at Canton, and the homes of presidents Grant, Taft, Hayes, Harding, and Garfield.

After the 2000 U.S. Census, Ohio lost one congressional district for the U.S. House of Representatives. The state lost two more districts after the 2010 Census giving Ohio 18 electoral votes for the 2012, 2016, and 2020 presidential elections.

See more on Ohio:
Encyclopedia: Ohio
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area

All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
State Taxes
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Homeownership
Percentage of Uninsured by State

All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Healthiest States
Most Dangerous States
Smartest States
Crime Index
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
Driving Laws
National Public Radio Stations


Information Please® Database, © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

North DakotaStatesOklahoma
Ohio

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Join BIC on our mission to save handwriting and Fight For Your Write! Writing helps kids become better readers, boosts their confidence and sparks their creativity. Visit BICFightForYourWrite.com to sign our petition to save handwriting!

7 Fun Driveway and Sidewalk Games for Kids
Looking for classic outdoor games kids can play in the driveway or on the sidewalk, just like the good ol' days? From hopscotch to bubble-blowing contests, there's something for all ages!

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

Best Sun Safety Practices for Babies
Follow these sun safety practices for babies to ensure your little one stays safe on the beach and on sunny days all year long.