News and Events of 1908
World Statisticspopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize:
Klas P. Arnoldson (Sweden) and Frederik Bajer (Denmark)
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- Earthquake and resulting tsunami
kill 70,000 to 100,000 in southern Italy and Sicily.
- Petroleum production starts in Middle East.
- Mysterious Siberian explosion levels hundreds of square miles of forest. Explanations include a comet, meteorite, natural atomic explosion, or crashed UFO.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Theodore Roosevelt
Vice President: Charles W. Fairbanks
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- U.S. Supreme Court, in Danbury Hatters' case, outlaws secondary union boycotts.
- President Roosevelt holds White House Conservation Conference, which leads to establishment of the National Conservation Commission.
EconomicsFederal spending: $0.66 billion
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesChicago Cubs d. Detroit (4-1)
Stanley CupMontreal Wanderers
WimbledonWomen: Charlotte Sterry d. A. Morton (6-4 6-4)
Men: Arthur Gore d. R. Barrett (6-3 6-2 4-6 3-6 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionStone Street
NCAA Football ChampionsPenn (CFRA, HF) (11-0-1) & LSU (NCF) (10-0-0)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Rudolf Eucken (Germany)More Entertainment Awards...
- Arnold Schoenberg's Book of Hanging Gardens released, bringing new style to classical music. Harmony and tonality are replaced by dissonance, creating what many listeners consider to be noise.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Sir Ernest Rutherford (UK), for investigations into disintegration of elements
Physics: Gabriel Lippmann (France), for method of reproducing colors by photography
Physiology or Medicine: Paul Ehrlich (Germany) and Elie Metchnikoff (USSR), for work on immunity
- Henry Ford develops the first Model T automobile, which sells for $850.