News and Events of 1909
World Statisticspopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize:
Auguste M. F. Beernaert (Belgium) and Baron Paul H. B. B. d'Estournelles de Constant de Rebecque (France)
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- North Pole reportedly reached by American explorers Robert E. Peary and Matthew Henson. Quiz: Explorers & Adventurers
- Turkish parliament deposes sultan Abd al-Hamid II and replaces him with his brother, Muhammad V. Background: Ottoman Empire
- Japan begins 36-year occupation of Korea. Japanese prince Hirobumi Ito assassinated by Korean nationalist.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: William H. Taft
Vice President: James S. Sherman
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- The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded by prominent black and white intellectuals and led by W. E. B. Du Bois.
- Congress enacts Republican-sponsored Payne-Aldrich Tariff, which is met by the public with disappointment.
EconomicsFederal spending: $0.69 billion
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesPittsburgh d. Detroit (4-3)
Stanley CupOttawa Senators
WimbledonWomen: Dora Boothby d. A. Morton (6-4 4-6 8-6)
Men: Arthur Gore d. M. Ritchie (6-8 1-6 6-2 6-2 6-2)
Kentucky Derby ChampionWintergreen
NCAA Football ChampionsYale (12-1-0)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Selma Lagerlöf (Sweden)More Entertainment Awards...
- The New York Times publishes the first movie review, a report on D.W. Griffith's Pippa Passes.
- Serge Diaghilev opens the Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev, which begins the era of modern ballet and his 20-year reign as ballet's leading figure. Mikhail Fokine, Diaghilev's choreographer, is considered the most influential choreographer of the 20th century.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Wilhelm Ostwald (Germany), for work on catalysis and investigations into chemical equilibrium and reaction rates
Physics: Guglielmo Marconi (Italy) and Ferdinand Braun (Germany), for development of wireless
Physiology or Medicine: Theodor Kocher (Switzerland), for work on the thyroid gland