News and Events of 1918
- Russian revolutionaries execute the former czar and his
family. Russian Civil War between Reds (Bolsheviks) and
Whites (anti-Bolsheviks); Reds win in 1920.
- Allied troops
(U.S., British, French) intervene in Russia (March). Background: World War I
- Second Battle of the Marne (July-Aug.)
- German Kaiser
abdicates (Nov.); hostilities cease on the Western Front.
- Japanese hold Vladivostok
- Worldwide Spanish influenza epidemic strikes; by 1920, nearly 20 million are dead. In U.S. alone, 500,000 perish.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
More U.S. Statistics...
- Daylight Saving Time goes into effect (March).
- New York's worst subway accident kills 92 and injures 100 after a train jumps a track in Brooklyn at 30 mph (five times the speed limit) (Nov. 2).
EconomicsFederal spending: $12.68 billion
Consumer Price Index: 15.1
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesBoston Red Sox d. Chicago Cubs (4-2)
Stanley CupToronto Arenas d. Vancouver (PCHA) (3-2)
WimbledonWomen: Not held (World War I)
Men: Not held (World War I)
Kentucky Derby ChampionExterminator
NCAA Football ChampionsPittsburgh (CFRA, HF) (4-1-0) & Michigan (NCF) (5-0-0)
Fiction: His Family, Ernest Poole
Drama: Why Marry?, Jesse Lynch Williams
- Pulitzer Prizes in Fiction, Drama and Poetry debut.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Fritz Haber (Germany), for synthetic production of ammonia
Physics: Max Planck (Germany), discoveries in connection with quantum theory
Physiology or Medicine: None awarded