News and Events of 1920
World Statisticspopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize:
Léon Bourgeois (France)
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- U.S. Dept. of Justice "red hunt" nets thousands of radicals; aliens deported.
- Women's suffrage (19th) amendment ratified. Background: Amendments to the Constitution of the United States
- Treaty of Sèvres dissolves Ottoman Empire.
- Mexican president Venustiano Carranza is assassinated.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
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- Women's suffrage goes into effect following Tennessee's ratification of the 19th amendment (Aug. 26).
- Factory worker Nicola Sacco and fish peddler Bartolomeo Vanzetti are picked up by police (May 5) in connection with an April 15 murder and robbery in South Braintree, Mass.
- A bomb explodes in the J.P. Morgan bank building in New York City, killing 30 and injuring 200 (Sept. 16).
EconomicsFederal spending: $6.36 billion
Consumer Price Index: 20
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesCleveland d. Brooklyn (5-2)
Stanley CupOttawa d. Seattle (PCHA) (3-2)
WimbledonWomen: Suzanne Lenglen d. D. Chambers (6-3 6-0)
Men: Bill Tilden d. G. Patterson (2-6 6-3 6-2 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionPaul Jones
NCAA Football ChampionsCalifornia (9-0-0)
Drama: Beyond the Horizon, Eugene O'Neill
Nobel Prize for Literature: Knut Hamsun (Norway)More Entertainment Awards...
- KDKA, a Pittsburgh Westinghouse station, transmits the first commercial radio broadcast.
- Eugene O'Neill's first full-length play, Beyond the Horizon, is produced on Broadway and wins a Pulitzer Prize marking the beginning of modern American drama.
- Rising popular interest in African-American literature sparks the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance.
- Speakeasies replace saloons as the center of social activity.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Walther Nernst (Germany), for work in thermochemistry
Physics: Charles E. Guillaume (Switzerland), for discoveries of anomalies in nickel-steel alloys
Physiology or Medicine: August Krogh (Denmark), for discovery of regulation of capillaries' motor mechanism
- American chemist William Draper Harkins postulates the existence of a subatomic particle, the neutron, a heavy particle of no electric charge.
- The Smithsonian Institution announces Robert Goddard's work with rockets.