News and Events of 1924
- Death of Lenin; Stalin wins power struggle, rules as Soviet dictator until death in 1953.
- Italian Fascists murder Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti.
- Ottoman empire (founded 1290) ends when Turkish president Mustafa Kemal ends the caliphate.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Calvin Coolidge
Vice President: none
More U.S. Statistics...
- New York's Computer Tabulating Recording Company is re-organized and will now be known as International Business Machines Corp. (IBM).
- Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall and oilmen Harry Sinclair and Edward L. Doheny are charged with conspiracy and bribery in the Teapot Dome scandal, involving fraudulent leases of naval oil reserves. In 1931, Fall is sentenced to year in prison; Doheny and Sinclair acquitted of bribery.
- Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb confess to murdering 14-year-old cousin "in the interest of science." Clarence Darrow is defense lawyer, getting them life imprisonment instead of death sentence.
EconomicsFederal spending: $2.91 billion
Consumer Price Index: 17.1
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesWashington d. NY Giants (4-3)
Stanley CupMontreal d. Vancouver (2-0)
Montreal d. Calgary (2-0)
WimbledonWomen: Kathleen McKane d. H. Wills (4-6 6-4 6-4)
Men: Jean Borotra d. R. Lacoste (6-1 3-6 6-1 3-6 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionBlack Gold
NCAA Football ChampionsNotre Dame (10-0-0)
Fiction: The Able McLaughlins, Margaret Wilson
Drama: Hell-Bent Fer Heaven, Hatcher Hughes
Nobel Prize for Literature: Wladyslaw Reymont (Poland)
Miss America: Ruth Malcolmson (PA)More Entertainment Awards...
- Walt Disney creates his first cartoon, "Alice's Wonderland."
- Paul Whiteman introduces George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue.
- First Macy's Thanksgiving Day parade.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: None awarded
Physics: Karl M. G. Siegbahn (Sweden), for investigations in X-ray spectroscopy
Physiology or Medicine: Willem Einthoven (Netherlands), for discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram
- Edwin Hubble demonstrates that spiral nebulae are composed of stars like our own galaxy.
- George and Gladys Dick demonstrate that streptococcus is the cause of scarlet fever.