News and Events of 1925
World Statisticspopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize:
Sir Austen Chamberlain (UK) and Charles G. Dawes (US)
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- Locarno conferences seek to secure European peace by mutual guarantees.
- John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor, transmits human features by television.
- Adolf Hitler publishes Volume I of Mein Kampf.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Calvin Coolidge
Vice President: Charles G. Dawes
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- Nellie Tayloe Ross takes office as governor of Wyoming (Jan. 5). She is the first woman governor in U.S. history.
- Tennessee schoolteacher John T. Scopes is arrested (May 5) for teaching the theory of evolution, forbidden by state law.
- Worst tornado in U.S. history hit Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana: 689 deaths.
- Al Capone takes over the Chicago bootlegging racket.
EconomicsFederal spending: $2.92 billion
Consumer Price Index: 17.5
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesPittsburgh d. Washington (4-3)
Stanley CupVictoria (WCHL) d. Montreal (3-1)
WimbledonWomen: Suzanne Lenglen d. J. Fry (6-2 6-0)
Men: Rene Lacoste d. J. Borotra (6-3 6-3 4-6 8-6)
Kentucky Derby ChampionFlying Ebony
NCAA Football ChampionsAlabama (CFRA, HF) (10-0-0) & Dartmouth (DS) (8-0-0)
Fiction: So Big, Edna Ferber
Drama: They Knew What They Wanted, Sidney Howard
Nobel Prize for Literature: George Bernard Shaw (Ireland)
Miss America: Fay Lamphier (CA)More Entertainment Awards...
- Radio's The Smith Family introduces the soap opera format.
- Sergei Eisenstein makes Potemkin, a revolutionary portrait of mutiny aboard a battleship. In the hands of Eisenstein, montage is raised to the highest structural role in filmmaking, serving as the unifying element of the medium.
- Ben-Hur, costing a record-setting $3.95 million to produce, is released.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: In 1926, the 1925 prize was awarded to Richard Zsigmondy (Germany), for work on the heterogeneous nature of colloid solutions
Physics: James Franck and Gustav Hertz (Germany), for discovery of laws governing impact of electrons upon atoms
Physiology or Medicine: None awarded
- Vitamin A deficiency is shown to cause night blindness.
- John Baird transmits the first television image in London.
- Leica markets Oscar Barnack's 35mm camera.