News and Events of 1932
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Herbert C. Hoover
Vice President: Charles Curtis
More U.S. Statistics...
sets up Reconstruction Finance Corporation
to stimulate economy.
- Veterans, known as the Bonus Marchers
, march on Washington—most leave after Senate rejects payment of cash bonuses; others removed by troops under Douglas MacArthur.
- Charles A. Lindbergh 's baby son kidnapped, killed. (Bruno Richard Hauptmann arrested in 1934, convicted in 1935, executed in 1936.)
- Amelia Earhart
is first woman to fly Atlantic solo (May 20-21). Background: Amelia Earhart's Legacy Remembered. Also see:
Famous Firsts in Aviation
EconomicsFederal spending: $4.66 billion
Consumer Price Index: 13.7
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02 ($0.03 as of 7/6/32)
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Chicago Cubs (4-0)
Stanley CupToronto d. NY Rangers (3-0)
WimbledonWomen: Helen Moody d. H. Jacobs (6-3 6-1)
Men: Ellsworth Vines d. H. Austin (6-4 6-2 6-0)
Kentucky Derby ChampionBurgoo King
NCAA Football ChampionsUSC (CFRA, NCF, HF) (10-0-0) & Michigan (DS) (8-0-0)
Fiction: The Good Earth, Pearl S. Buck
Drama: Of Thee I Sing, George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Ira Gershwin
Oscars awarded in 1932
Academy Award, Best Picture: Grand Hotel (MGM)
Nobel Prize for Literature: John Galsworthy (UK)More Entertainment Awards...
- Jazz composer Duke Ellington writes "It Don't Mean a Thing, If It Ain't Got That Swing," a song that presaged the swing era of the 1930s and 1940s.
- Manhattan's Radio City Music Hall opens.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Irving Langmuir (US), for work in realm of surface chemistry
Physics: In 1933, the prize for 1932 was awarded to Werner Heisenberg (Germany), for creation of the quantum mechanics
Physiology or Medicine: Sir Charles Sherrington (UK) and Edgar D. Adrian (US), for discoveries of the function of the neuron
- Carl David Anderson discovers the positron, a subatomic particle.
- Physicists Sir John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Walton split the atom for the first time.
- James Chadwick discovers the sub-atomic neutron.