News and Events of 1939
- Germany invades Poland; occupies Bohemia and Moravia; renounces pact with England and concludes 10-year non-aggression pact with U.S.S.R.
- Russo-Finnish War begins; Finns to lose one-tenth of territory in 1940 peace treaty.
- World War II begins.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: John N. Garner
More U.S. Statistics...
- As World War II begins, Roosevelt submits $1,319-million defense budget, proclaims U.S. neutrality, and declares limited emergency.
- New York
World's Fair opens. Background: exposition
- Daughters of the American Revolution
refuses to allow Marian Anderson
to perform at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C.
- U.S. Department of Agriculture starts first food stamp program in Rochester, N.Y. Program ends in 1943.
EconomicsFederal spending: $9.14 billion
Consumer Price Index: 13.9
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Cincinnati (4-0)
Stanley CupBoston d. Toronto (4-1)
WimbledonWomen: Alice Marble d. K. Stammers (6-2 6-0)
Men: Bobby Riggs d. E. Cooke (2-6 8-6 3-6 6-3 6-2)
Kentucky Derby ChampionJohnstown
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipOregon d. Ohio St. (46-33)
NCAA Football ChampionsTexas A&M (11-0-0)
Fiction: The Yearling, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
Drama: Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Robert E. Sherwood
Oscars awarded in 1939
Academy Award, Best Picture: You Can't Take It With You (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Frans Eemil Sillanpää (Finland)
Miss America: Patricia Donnelly (MI)More Entertainment Awards...
- The big-screen adaptation of Gone with the Wind premieres, and will go on to gross $192 million, making it one of the most profitable films of all time. It's also one of the longest films, clocking in at 231 minutes.
- Robert Kane introduces the Batman cartoon.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Adolf Butenandt (Germany), for work on sexual hormones (declined the prize); and Leopold Ruzicka (Switzerland), for work with polymethylenes
Physics: Ernest Orlando Lawrence (US), for development of the cyclotron
Physiology or Medicine: Gerhard Domagk (Germany), for antibacterial effect of prontocilate
- Albert Einstein writes a letter to President Roosevelt regarding the possibility of using uranium to initiate a nuclear chain reaction, the fundamental process behind the atomic bomb.
- Paul Muller develops DDT.