News and Events of 1949
World Statisticspopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize:
Lord John Boyd Orr (Scotland)
More World Statistics...
- Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty establishing NATO (Apr. 4).
- German Federal Republic (West Germany) established (Sept. 21).
- Communist People's Republic of China formally proclaimed by Chairman Mao Zedong (Oct. 1).
- South Africa institutionalizes apartheid.
- Britain recognizes the independence of the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland remains a part of the United Kingdom.
U.S. StatisticsPresident: Harry S Truman
Vice President: Alben W. Barkley
Life expectancy: 68.0 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 5.4
More U.S. Statistics...
- US recognizes the state of Israel.
- Truman proposes Point Four program to help world's less developed areas (Jan. 20).
EconomicsUS GDP (1998 dollars): $267.8 billion
Federal spending: $38.84 billion
Federal debt: $252.6 billion
Dow Jones High/Low: 200/161
Consumer Price Index: 23.8
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-1)
NBA ChampionshipMinneapolis Lakers d. Washington Capitols (4-2)
Stanley CupToronto d. Detroit (4-0)
WimbledonWomen: Louise Brough d. M. duPont (10-8 1-6 10-8)
Men: Ted Schroeder d. J. Drobny (3-6 6-0 6-3 4-6 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionPonder
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipKentucky d. Oklahoma A&M (46-36)
NCAA Football ChampionsNotre Dame (10-0-0)
Fiction: Guard of Honor, James Gould Cozzens
Music: Louisiana Story music, Virgil Thomson
Drama: Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller
Oscars awarded in 1949
Academy Award, Best Picture: Hamlet (British) (J. Arthur Rank-Two Cities; Universal-International)
Nobel Prize for Literature: William Faulkner (US)
Miss America: Jacque Mercer (AZ)More Entertainment Awards...
- The first Emmy Awards are handed out on January 25, with Pantomime Quiz Time earning top honor as the Most Popular Television Program.
- Cable television debuts, bringing better reception to rural areas where the conventional television signal is weak.
- Milton Berle hosts the first telethon, which benefits cancer research.
- 45 rpm records are sold in the U.S.
- All the King's Men, Twelve O'Clock High, Sands of Iwo Jima, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, The Third Man
- "Some Enchanted Evening"
- "Ghost Riders in the Sky"
- "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer"
- "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend"
- Kiss Me Kate soundtrack
- Samuel Barber, Piano Sonata
- Ernest Bloch, Scherzo Fantasque
- Vaughn Monroe, Vaughn Monroe Sings
- Paul Bowles, The Sheltering Sky
- John Dos Passos, The Grand Design
- Shirley Jackson, The Lottery
- Yukio Mishima, Confessions of a Mask
- Reinhold Niebuhr, Faith and History
- George Orwell, 1984
- Norman Vincent Peale, A Guide to Confident Living
- Eleanor Roosevelt, This I Remember
- Eudora Welty, Golden Apples
- Death of a Salesman, South Pacific, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: William Francis Giauque (US), for research in thermodynamics, especially effects of low temperature
Physics: Hideki Yukawa (Japan), for mathematical prediction, in 1935, of the meson
Physiology or Medicine: Walter Rudolf Hess (Switzerland), for research on brain control of body; and Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (Portugal), for development of brain operation
- Capt. James Gallagher and USAF crew make first round-the-world nonstop flight from Ft. Worth, Texas, and returning to same point: 23,452 miles in 94 hours, 1 minute (Feb. 27March 2). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation
- The antibiotics oxytetracycline and neomycin are developed. Background: Health & Nutrition
- The Soviet Union begins testing atomic weapons. Background: nuclear weapons